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Saturday, June 22, 2024

Laws of discord

In my last article, Why the Left fight, I suggested that the Right are drawn towards slogans and proposals which are so simple and so unsuited to our ultra-complex world as to be stupid.

The recent mini-budget of Liz Truss’s Conservative government is a prime example of this. Similar nationally-self-harming over-simplification can be seen at play in the actions of right-wing politicians such as Jair Bolsonaro, Narendra Modi, Vladimir Putin, Boris Johnson, Scott Morrison, Donald Trump and many others.

To describe the views of your political opponents in such blunt terms is generally taboo, particularly if coming from the Left – but in a world teetering on the edge of social and climate breakdown let’s call it by its name: calamitous, unadulterated stupidity.

In contrast to these right-wing politicians, the Left are drawn to more sophisticated proposals and solutions, proposals and solutions which engage with the inherent complexity of our society.

This recognition of complexity is both a negative and a positive for the Left. It’s good to recognise and respond intelligently to a complex environment… but this also creates dissent and factionalism, due to what I describe as the Three Laws of Social Discord:

First Law

Intelligence plus Complexity equals Diversity

( I + C = D )

In other words: The harder a social or ethical problem is to solve, and the greater the numbers and intelligence of those attempting to solve it, the greater will be the number of solutions proposed.

Second Law

Complex answers invariably outnumber simple answers

( Ca > Sa )

In other words: There are only a limited number of simple solutions that can be rationally proposed for any specific social or ethical question, but an innumerable number of complex ones.

Third Law

There will always be discord between any two answers to social or ethical questions, no matter how marginal the difference

( If a1 # a2 then Dis )

In other words: The creators of any solution or theory understandably favour their own conclusions; adherents are attracted to solutions which match their temperaments and which they then defend; belief systems calcify.

As a result of these laws, the Left produce a spectrum of differing, complex answers (1st Law), which tend to be greater in number than their simple kin (2nd Law), and between any two of which there is likely to be as much discord as between a coalesced right-wing position and any other stance (3rd Law). The total discord between the more complex answers offered by left-wing thinkers is therefore invariably greater than the total discord between the fewer and simpler answers of the Right.


Analysing left-wing ‘in-fighting’ in this way is amusing, provocative and taboo-infringing due to the positive connotations of the word ‘intelligence’.

My intentions are, however, entirely serious. If we are able to identify a significant characterological cause of dissent among the Left, then perhaps this is something we can address.

If intelligence and complexity contribute to left-wing factionalism, is there a way to remedy this?

I believe there is.


It is difficult for critical and intelligent thinkers to agree on the fine detail of solutions to complex social and moral issues. Let’s take it as given.

Further, complexity and fine detail are hard to communicate in a mass media environment. This, too, seems inarguable.

So, if the Left are to unite and present a clear and accessible message, we need to take a lesson from the playbook of the Right.

We need to learn the lesson of simplicity.

Using our brains

But haven’t I just asserted that simplicity, in the face of a complex world, is stupid?

I stand by that claim.

Over-simplification, in response to complex social and moral issues, is both stupid and dangerous – and we can see the impact of this all across the world.

Yet simplicity has its benefits. If something is simple, there’s less room for misunderstanding or disagreement. Simple answers and proposals are by definition simpler to communicate – and successful communication is essential to political success.

Simplicity has its weaknesses, but also its strengths.

So the important question becomes, ‘Can the Left avoid these weaknesses but utilise these strengths?’ Can we respond to the unifying but stupid simplicity of the Right with a unifying but intelligent simplicity of our own?

Einstein again

Einstein’s formula e = mc2 stands on the back of complex theorising and proof – the detailed fine print of genius. Nevertheless, it hits the eye with a visceral and elegant simplicity.

This simplicity is what the Left now need to achieve.

Where do we begin?

Areas of dissent

It is possible to isolate within the crowded and dissonant world of left-wing thinking three key areas of dissent: values, objectives and implementation.

All sorts of complex and ingenious answers have been suggested for what the central values of the Left should be, what objectives the Left should strive towards, and how these objectives, even where tentatively agreed on, can or should be implemented.

This plurality weakens us.

The Right are empowered by their stupid simplicity; the Left, in all their complexity, are in disarray. We need to follow Einstein’s path toward elegant, intelligent simplicity. We urgently need to unite behind:

????  A simplified and easily communicable set of values

????  A simplified, restricted and relatable set of objectives

????  A straightforward plan


Values are important.

When you need to work alongside others it helps if you share values. That’s a key function of morality: to allow groups and societies to cohere.

In my book Intelligent Ethics (2019) I argue for three simple and uncontroversial values, behind which anyone on the Left can easily unite. They are:

    • Caring for those around you
    • Caring for all humanity

Caring for the biological world

The first two of these are common to many of our existing belief systems; they do not require a tremendous leap of faith. Meanwhile, the third value is essential for the survival of our species.

Consolidate behind values like these and we give ourselves a shield against the malign, simplistic stupidity of the Right.


Our detailed analyses of economics and society may differ…

Our sophisticated templates for a new world of justice and sustainability may differ…

The great minds of the past with whom we align ourselves may differ…

…but if we are to achieve anything, it’s essential we bypass the Third Law of Social Discord and unite behind a small number of accessible and easily-communicated objectives.

Objectives like these:

????  Proportional Representation and localised democracy (PR is no cure-all, but it’s a small step towards more consensual politics)

????  Media reform: the removal of state and monied control (without which PR falls apart, electoral choices being worthless if made on the basis of lies)

????  Nationalisation of essential utilities and services (including, of course, the NHS)

????  The greening of industry and agriculture

????  Tax the rich

And that’s it…

Nothing else need cloud the issue.

Agree on these objectives, or an alternative but limited set (for an interesting example, see Enough Is Enough’s ‘Five Demands’), and postpone all others. Push for change that lays the groundwork for a better society; shelve the goals and aspirations that disunite us.


Any change needs a plan. And any plan for change needs the following elements:

    • Limited, agreed and measurable objectives
    • Answers to the question,


    • Who’s going to deliver this? Who’s impacted? Whose assistance do we need and whose resistance do we need to assuage? Who provides the effort and who provides the funds?
    • The means of delivery: how we organise ourselves while respecting our core values; the shape or form of our organisation
    • Answers to the question,


    How will we implement our plan? What specific actions do we need to take and what risks do we need to avoid?

It’s impossible to totally avoid complexity if you are to make lasting, positive change in a complex world, but the entire purpose of a plan is to dissolve this into simple, achievable steps. We need to harness simplicity intelligently, making it our ally, not our adversary.


Can the Left unite?

Of course we can.

But only if we tackle the causes of our disunity. One cause is the multitude of complex answers we offer to the question, ‘How should society be organised to our best advantage?’

We need to simplify our answers so that they become something we can unite behind. This is our number one priority. The world is in crisis. Right-wing politicians, corporations and oligarchs are united in their simple philosophy of power-hunger and greed. They are united in their readiness to leverage the chaos which they themselves have brought about.

It’s essential that the Left also unite.

United, we stand.


Well, everyone knows the answer to that…


Luke Andreski

Luke Andreski is a founding member of the @EthicalRenewal and Ethical Intelligence collectives. His books include Intelligent Ethics (2019), Ethical Intelligence (2019), Short Conversations: During The Plague (2020) and Short Conversations: During the Storm (2021).

His free eBook Our society is sick, but here’s the cure is out now.

You can connect with Luke on LinkedIn, https://uk.linkedin.com/in/luke-andreski-ethics, or via @EthicalRenewal on Twitter https://twitter.com/EthicalRenewal

With thanks for flower image to 阿橋 HQ, CC BY-SA 2.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0, via Wikimedia Commons.

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